Concepts

How it Works

To understand the emulsion process, imagine the passage of water and oil through the reactor and in the combustion zone. First, the oil and water are fed into the reactor proportionally creating continuous cavitation and hence controlled, which while similar to cavitation in marine propellers and boat hulls is not random in the same manner. As the cavitation bubbles grow and explode causing internal stress within the liquid in the order of one million psi. this disruptive force causes the water particles are dispersed into the oil in the form of tiny spheres. The water particles have no choice but to go inside oil as the proportion of water is always kept below thirty percent. Since water droplets (reverse phase) are smaller than the surrounding oil droplets (continuous phase) is impossible for the water phase containing the oil phase so that the emulsion has the end of necessity inside out, so to speak.

Thus formed emulsion flows to the atomizing means (burner, injector, etc.) this again produces small oil particles in order to burn. These particles are in the order of five hundredths of an inch in diameter, but within them are now scattered hundreds of small particles of water are in the order of fifty thousand of an inch. Due to the huge area of the water surface, as the emulsion particle begins to burn, the water becomes super-heated steam and separated in the process of blow literally oil particle (micro explosion) downsizing and increasing particle surface area. This causes a violent agitation in the combustion process itself and ensures that a sufficient number of collisions between atoms of hydrogen, carbon and oxygen.

All combustion carries the seeds of its own destruction. Coal burning carbon dioxide extinguishes fire, burning hydrogen produces water to put out fires and nitrogen, which is eighty percent of the air required for combustion also puts an end to the fires. If these inhibiting materials combustion zone, the combustion stops are not removed, and it is this reason that incomplete combustion is inherent in most engines and boilers. The turmoil caused by water particles brings many more collisions and disruption of all layers that inhibit so that the hydrogen, carbon and oxygen atoms are “see” each other and are able to complete the process. Since the process is cooled by water minute particles at the point of maximum temperature, the formation of NOx is considerably reduced, so that we find a more complete burn and therefore cleaner. This improved combustion environment and the presence of oxygen carried in the water also requires less excess air, and if complete combustion can be performed with less air, you have to end up with a net gain. The air is composed of eighty percent nitrogen and this in and out of the combustion process more or less as a passenger.

Similarly, the excess oxygen in and out of the process without adding anything to it. These gases collect heat on their way through the process and carry it with them. Nitrogen and oxygen are relatively poor heat radiators, while the superheated steam is a relatively good heat radiator. Therefore, if the energy that normally would have gone to nitrogen and oxygen is now in the form of super-heated steam, therefore there is an improvement in performance.